Child & Spousal Support Enforcement - It's All We Do!

If We Don't Collect, You Don't Pay!!

Follow Us

Facebook LinkedIn Google +

South Dakota State Law

1. General Program-At-A-Glance

1. How many local child support offices are in your state excluding agencies with cooperative agreements?
8 Local Offices.
2. What is the name of your IV-D agency?
Division of Child Support.
3. Is your state administrative, judicial, or a combination of both? In particular, does your state primarily use judicial or administrative procedures to establish and/or enforce support orders? Please describe.
A combination of both. South Dakota uses judicial and quasi-judicial processes to establish paternity, establish support orders, and modify support orders. Majority of enforcement actions are done administratively.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
4. Does your state use the following applications: EDE, CSENET, QUICK?
CSENet and QUICK.

2. Duration Of Support

1. What is the duration of support in your state? Include the age of majority when the support obligation ends in the absence of other factors. Include your state's statutory citation(s).
Until the child attains the age of eighteen, or until the child attains the age of nineteen if the child is a full-time student in a secondary school.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2. If not addressed in the order, at what age is child support automatically terminated as a matter of state law? Qualify, if necessary.
Until the child attains the age of eighteen, or until the child attains the age of nineteen if the child is a full-time student in a secondary school.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
3. Does the date of the order determine the law that is applied to the duration of support? If yes, describe.
Yes.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
4. Does your state law allow support to be paid beyond the age of majority under certain circumstances (for example, if the child has a disability or is in college)? If yes, describe.
Yes. The parties can agree to a longer period of support and if approved by court order is enforceable and binding upon the parties.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
5. What are your state's laws regarding the emancipation of the child that would result in early termination of the child support obligation? Describe.
Any person under the age of 18 who (1) has entered into a valid marriage, whether or not such marriage was terminated by dissolution; or (2) is on active duty with any of the armed forces of the United States of America; or (3) has received a declaration of emancipation pursuant to SDCL 25-5-26 is an emancipated minor.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
6. Does child support end if the child no longer lives with the custodial parent but does not emancipate according to state law? For example, the child graduates from high school at 17 and no longer lives with the custodial parent?
No.
7. For orders that include multiple children, does your state automatically reduce the current support owed for remaining children after one of the children in the order reaches the age of majority or otherwise emancipates? If yes, describe.
No.
8. Does your state provide IV-D services to establish support for a child who is no longer a minor but for whom state law provides post-majority support (for example, if the child has a disability or is in college)? If yes, please describe the specific circumstances.
No.

3. Statute Of Limitations

1. What is your state's statute of limitations for the collection of past-due support?
20 years from the date support was last due.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2. What is your state's statute of limitations for the establishment of paternity/parentage? Please explain.
Proceedings may start any time before the child's 18th birthday.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
3. Is dormancy revival/renewal possible? If yes, under what circumstances and for how long?
No.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer

4. Support Details

1. What guideline type or method does your state use to calculate child support (for example, Income Shares Model, Percentage of Income Model, Melson Formula)?
Income Shares Model.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
2. Does your state have any statute(s) addressing interest on arrears? If yes, indicate the amount of interest charged, any related conditions, and the statutory citation.
Yes. South Dakota Division of Child Support (DCS) does not compute interest. However, the obligee can initiate a court action to obtain a judgment for interest. The court has the discretion as to whether to grant the interest judgment. If the interest is reduced to judgment and a copy of the judgment is provided, DCS will collect the judgment along with the child support. Interest is computed at 1% per month.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
3. Does your state's IV-D agency calculate interest on arrears? If yes, indicate the amount of interest charged and any related conditions.
No. The South Dakota Division of Child Support does not compute interest.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
4. Does your state charge interest on retroactive support? If yes, indicate the amount of interest charged and any related conditions.
No. South Dakota Division of Child Support (DCS) does not compute interest. However, the obligee can initiate a court action to obtain a judgment for interest. The court has the discretion as to whether to grant the interest judgment. If the interest is reduced to judgment and a copy of the judgment is provided, DCS will collect the judgment along with the child support. Interest is computed at 1% per month
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
5. Will your state enforce a medical debt for any uninsured portion? If yes, under what circumstances?
Yes. The obligee must obtain a judgment for the unreimbursed medical expenses and provide a copy of the judgment to DCS. DCS will collect the medical judgment along with the child support.
6. If your state has issued an order, and another IV-D agency asserts that the person/entity entitled to receive child support payments has changed from the person/entity designated in your state's order (due to a change in placement or foster care status), what does your state require in order to change the person/entity entitled to receive payments?
The order will follow the child when TANF or Foster Care is being expended. If the child is receiving only medical benefits with a caretaker, a custody or guardianship order is required to redirect child support to the caretaker. SDCL 28-7A-7, 25-7A-2 and 25-7A-3.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
6.1. Does it matter if the child receives TANF or Medicaid-only? If so, explain.
Yes. The order will follow the child for TANF cases. Non-TANF cases, including Medicaid-only, require the caretaker to have obtain an order for custody or guardianship.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
7. Does your state require that a custodial party, who is not one of the biological parents, have legal custody of a child before enforcing an order for support that was issued to the biological parents as the parties for non-public assistance cases?
Yes.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
8. Does your state IV-D agency give the noncustodial parent credit toward child support for Auxiliary Benefits received directly by the custodial parent on behalf of a child as a result of the noncustodial parent's Social Security Retirement, Survivors, or Disability Insurance (RSDI) benefit?
Yes. The noncustodial parent receives a dollar for dollar credit.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
9. Does your state abate support? If yes, explain the circumstances and provide your statutory citation.
Yes, if the abatement is specifically ordered in the child support order.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer

5. Paternity/Parentage

1. Does your state law require custody and visitation to be addressed at the time of paternity/parentage establishment? If yes, please describe and provide the statutory citation.
Yes. In certain actions for establishing a child support order and if the obligee is the biological mother of the child, the child support order may state "NAME has physical custody of the aforementioned child(ren) and is entitled to support based on the statutory custody established by SDCL 25-5-10 and 25-8-7."
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2. What is the percentage of probability for genetic testing that creates a rebuttable or conclusive presumption of paternity?
99% or higher.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
3. What is the state law citation that makes paternity acknowledgment conclusive? Please describe (if appropriate).
South Dakota has rebuttable presumptions of paternity. Either party can rescind the affidavit by commencing an action in circuit court within 60 days of signing the affidavit unless any administrative or judicial proceeding related to the child has already been commenced. A party can also contest paternity for a period of up to 3 years after signing the paternity affidavit on the basis of fraud, duress or material mistake of fact. The party will be required to commence circuit court action.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
4. Does marriage constitute a rebuttable presumption of paternity/parentage without exceptions? Please describe and provide your statutory citation.
Yes. The noncustodial parent must commence an action in circuit court within statutory time frames.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
5. Does the father's name on the birth certificate constitute a conclusive presumption of paternity? Please provide your state citation. If no, please describe.
No. The father must either sign a paternity affidavit, or there must be a judgment of paternity entered by the court.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
6. Does your state have any other paternity/parentage-related presumptions? If yes, please describe.
No.
7. What, if any, is the agency name and link for your state's putative fathers' registry?
South Dakota does not have a punitive fathers registry.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
8. What documents regarding paternity can your state's IV-D agency provide to other IV-D agencies? Are there any charges to the requesting IV-D agencies?
A copy of the acknowledgment of paternity, a copy of the genetic test results or a copy of the paternity judgment. There are not any charges.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
9. Does your states bureau of vital statistics charge any fees to other states or private individuals for requesting searches, paternity/parentage documents, and data?
Yes. Once a Voluntary Acknowledgment of Paternity is filed with South Dakota Office of Vital Records, the document is placed in a sealed file. Vital Records will not provide a copy of the Voluntary Acknowledgement of Paternity unless a court order authorizing the release is obtained.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
9.1. Describe any circumstances under which these fees may be waived?
A Child Support Enforcement Transmittal #3 is required to be sent to SD Central Registry requesting a copy of the paternity acknowledgement. It normally takes 14-21 days to receive from Vital Records and the paternity affidavit is mailed upon receipt. If you want the paternity affidavit copy emailed to you, the request must indicate and an email address must be provided. The paternity affidavit will be emailed through Voltage secured email system. Original Paternity Acknowledgement and/or order of adjudication is to be sent directly to the Office of Vital Records.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
10. Is common-law marriage currently recognized in your state? If yes, describe the standard that defines common-law marriage and the date the standard went into effect.
No.
11. If there was a prior common-law standard in your state that is no longer in effect, what were the dates that standard was in effect? Describe the standard.
N/A
12. If there is more than one child with the same custodial party and the same alleged father, should an initiating jurisdiction send one intergovernmental packet to your state (with a separate Declaration in Support of Establishing Parentage forms for each child) or a separate intergovernmental packet for each child?
Only one intergovernmental packet is required by South Dakota.

6. Support Order Establishment

1. Does your state use an administrative, judicial, or a combined process to establish a support obligation?
Administrative and Judicial.
1.1 If your state can establish both administratively and judicially, under what circumstances would your state use the administrative process? Please provide the statutory citation for your state's administrative procedures.
Administrative process is used when the Notice of Support Debt (NSD) is served on the parents and the action is not contested. SDCL 25-7A-5 to SDCL 25-7A-7.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
1.2. Under what circumstances would your state use the judicial process? Please provide the statutory citation for your state's judicial procedures.
Judicial proceedings are used when a request for a hearing on the NSD is submitted in writing or when a referral is made to the IV-D prosecutor to initiate court proceedings to establish a child support order. SDCL 25-7A-5 to SDCL 25-7A-7.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2. When setting support using your state's guidelines, whose income is considered in addition to the noncustodial parent's (for example, custodial parent, spouse, child)?
The combined monthly net incomes of both biological/adoptive parents are used in determining a child support obligation.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
2.1. What documentation is required as proof/evidence of this information?
Financial statement, check stubs, tax records, verification through the South Dakota Department Department of Labor and Regulation, or FCR.
3. What criteria for rebutting your presumptive guidelines have been established in your state?
The noncustodial parent has 10 days from the date of service of the NSD to request a hearing.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
4. Will your state establish support orders for prior periods of support? If yes, please describe (for example, from the birth of the child, from date of separation, prenatal expenses, five years retroactive).
Yes. Prior period support is limited to 3 years retroactive from the date of application for services.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
4.1. What information or documentation does your state require to proceed with establishing support for prior periods?
The custodial parent can request prior period support on the application. Other states can request prior period support on the Uniform Support Petition, and/or the General Testimony. If TANF has been expended by the requesting state, the TANF and non-TANF months need to be listed on the General Testimony.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
4.2. Will your state allow a petition for support for a minor child when the only issue is retroactive support?
Yes.
4.3. If there are limitations upon your state's ability to establish support for prior periods, specify those limitations.
Prior period support is limited to 3 years retroactive from the date of application for services.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
5. Does your state require that a custodial party, who is not a biological parent, have legal custody of a child before establishing an order for support when public assistance is being expended?
No.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
5.1. What about when public assistance is not being expended?
Yes.
6. When your state has issued an order that reserves support, and now child support should be ordered, does your state require establishment or modification?
If the order which reserves support is the controlling order, the parties will need to return to court in the state which issued the order to have support set. If it is a SD order and one of the parties still resides in SD, an action will need to be commenced in Circuit Court to have support set.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
7. When there is an existing support order between the parents of a child and the child's residence changes from one parent to the other, does your state require that the new custodial parent obtain legal custody before child support is addressed? Please describe.
No. If the parents have agreed to a change in physical custody without the court's approval, the order may be modified as the parent who relinquished physical custody may be ordered to pay support.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer

7. Income Withholding

1. What are specific sources of income not subject to withholding?
Supplemental Security Income (SSI); VA Benefits; Work Release Earnings of inmates of the State Penitentiary; State Retirement Funds; Census Bureau Earnings; Work Study.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
2. Does your state law adopt the federal Consumer Credit Protection Act (CCPA) income withholding limits? Please provide the statutory citation.
Yes.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2.1. Does your state have policies or procedures allowing the agency to use lower limits than the CCPA?
Total amount of arrearage may be withheld from personal property, money and credits, or other income not listed. 50% of the wages, salaries, commissions, bonuses, compensation as an independent contractor, workers compensation, unemployment compensation or disability benefits.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2.2. What are the withholding limits for non-employees?
50% of the wages, salaries, commissions, bonuses, compensation as an independent contractor, workers compensation, unemployment compensation or disability benefits.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
3. What is the maximum fee for the administrative cost that an employer may charge for processing income withholding orders? (45 CFR 303.100 (e)(iii).
The employer may deduct an amount up to $3.00 per month from the obligors income to cover expenses involved in transmitting the amount withheld.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
4. Does your state charge any fees to the noncustodial parent that the employer must withhold and remit to the state? If yes, please explain.
No.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
5. Is an employer required to begin withholding after the date of service, receipt, or mailing of an income withholding order?
After the date of receipt of the income withholding order.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
5.1. How many days following the first pay period that occurs after service, receipt, or mailing of an income withholding order is an employer required to begin withholding?
First payment of income which is payable to the obligor following receipt of the order to withhold income.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
6. When must an employer remit amounts withheld from an employee's pay?
Within 7 business days after the obligor is paid or property withheld.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
7. What are your state's sanctions for employers for not implementing income withholding?
Request for employer compliance. If unsuccessful with voluntary compliance, referral to the attorney for legal action.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
7.1. What are the penalties to an employer for failure to remit payments withheld?
Petty offense. The employer may also be responsible for amounts which were not withheld as required by law.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
8. Does your state allow other jurisdictions to send income withholding orders for unemployment insurance (UI) benefits directly to your state's UI agency? If yes, please explain your process and include any additional required documents.
No. The South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation will not accept direct withholding from any state.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
8.1. If no, what is your state's process to aid the other jurisdictions in withholding UI benefits? Please describe and include the required documents.
South Dakota has an automatic intercept process for UI benefits. A full UIFSA packet requesting interception of benefits will need to be submitted to SD Central Registry.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
9. Does your state allow other jurisdictions to send income withholding orders directly to a noncustodial parent's financial institution in your state? If yes, please explain your process and include any additional required documents.
Yes. Direct withholding orders may be issued to employers, financial institutions, and workers compensation carriers.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
9.1. If no, what is your state's process to aid the other jurisdiction in collecting from a financial institution? Please describe and include the required documents.
N/A
10. How does a noncustodial parent contest an income withholding in your state?
An administrative review can be requested within ten days after receiving the income withholding order if there is a dispute concerning the existence or amount of the order for support or delinquency or arrearage; or for mistaken identity.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
11. How does your state allocate payments when there is more than one claim against the noncustodial parent's income? Should the payment be divided equally or pro-rated among the cases? (See 45 CFR 303.100(a)(5).)
The payments are prorated among the cases.
12. When calculating disposable income for child support purposes, what are the mandatory deductions from gross income required by state law, such as union dues or medical insurance premiums?
The total amount withheld for child support cannot exceed 50% of an employees income after deducting state, federal and local taxes, Social Security tax, statutory pension contributions; Medicare taxes; and other deductions which are required to be withheld, either by law or as a condition of employment.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
13. When does your state require the employer to send notice of an employee's termination?
The employer must promptly notify the Division of Child Support when the employee is no longer working for them.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
14. When your state is enforcing an order and receives payment through income withholding that is not enough to cover the full amount ordered, how does your state apply the payment to the types of support (for example, current, arrears, medical, spousal support, other)? Please describe and provide the statutory citations, if appropriate.
South Dakota law gives priority to current support and arrearages. The amount withheld for current support, spousal support, arrearages, and health insurance premiums cannot exceed the 50% withholding limitation.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer

8. Distribution

1. Does your state pass through collections (and disregard collections for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) eligibility purposes) in current assistance cases? If yes, provide the amount and explain.
No.
2. Does your state participate in the pass-through in former assistance cases? If yes, provide the date and explain.
No.
3. In former assistance cases, are federal income tax refund offset payments applied to families first (DRA distribution) or state arrears first (PRWORA distribution)?
PRWORA.
4. How does your state distribute payments when the noncustodial parent has arrears due to your state and another state?
Once current support for the month is paid, any excess money will be split proportionately and applied to each case.
4.1. If there are no arrears due to your state, how does your state distribute payments when the noncustodial parent has arrears due to multiple states?
Once current support for the month is paid, any excess money will be split proportionately and applied to each case.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided

9. Enforcement

1. What data matches (for example, financial institution, state lottery) and enforcement remedies are available through Automated Administrative Enforcement in Interstate Cases (AEI) in your state? (See AT-08-06: Implementing Section 466(a)(14) of the Social Security Act, High-Volume, Automated Administrative Enforcement in Interstate Cases.)
FIDM.
2. What criteria must be met, and in addition to Transmittal #3, what documentation does your state require to proceed with an AEI request?
CSE Transmittal #1, Affidavit of Arrears, copies of all Court Orders. For FIDM, a copy of the match information is required.
3. What are your state's criteria for reporting a noncustodial parent's child support information to credit bureaus?
Any obligor who is delinquent in the payment of support and owes in excess of $1000 is child support arrears is required to be submitted to the credit bureaus.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
4. To which credit bureaus does your state report a noncustodial parent's child support information?
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax.
5. Is the method for credit bureau reporting judicial, administrative, or both?
Administrative.
6. Can a noncustodial parent who no longer has a past-due account have the report removed from the credit bureau? If so, what must the noncustodial parent do?"
No. Once all arrears are paid, a zero balance will be reported to the credit bureaus. The account will be listed as a current account for 7 years.
7. When your state is the responding state, does it submit past-due cases to OCSE for federal administrative offset? If yes, what is the minimum required past-due amount?
No.
8. When your state is the initiating state, does it submit past-due cases to OCSE for federal administrative offset? If yes, what is the minimum required past-due amount?
Yes. $150 for TANF or Foster Care cases. $500 for non-Assistance cases.
9. When your state is the responding state, does it submit past-due cases to OCSE for insurance match? If yes, what is the minimum required past-due amount?
No.
10. When your state is the initiating state, does it submit past-due cases to OCSE for insurance match? If yes, what is the minimum required past-due amount?
Yes. No minimum amount.
11. When your state is the responding state, does it submit past-due cases to OCSE for MSFIDM? If yes, what is the minimum required past-due amount?
Yes. $1000 is the minimum required past-due amount.
12. When your state is the initiating state, does it submit past-due cases to OCSE for MSFIDM? If yes, what is the minimum past-due amount?
Yes. $1000 is the minimum required past-due amount.
13. When your state is the responding state, does it submit past-due cases to OCSE for passport denial?
No.
14. Are the financial institution attachment procedures in your state judicial, administrative, or both?
Administrative. South Dakota Division of Child Support issues a lump sum Income Withholding Order to the financial institution to seize funds within the account.
15. Are there specific account types exempt from the administrative financial institution attachment process in your state? If yes, which account types are exempt?
Discretion is used when the account is a checking account and/or joint account and the noncustodial parent is the secondary account holder.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
16. Is the financial institution attachment process in your state centralized and/or automated?
Neither. The Child Support Specialist reviews the FIDM returns on a case by case basis.
17. What are the criteria to attach an account in a financial institution in your state?
An account balance of at least $4000 and the noncustodial parents total arrears exceed 3 months of the monthly support obligation. If the noncustodial parent is paying, deceased, receives SSI, SSDI or TANF the case is not eligible for a lump sum withholding.
18. Does your state's law require financial institutions doing business in your state to accept enforcement actions directly from other states? If yes, provide the statutory citation. Please explain.
SD allows for a lump sum income withholding order to be issued to the financial institution. If the FI will not honor the direct action, the other state will need to send an AEI request to SD.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
19. If there are no statutory criteria required to attach an account, describe the process for requesting a financial institution attachment from another child support agency (for example, a Transmittal #3) and list additional documentation required.
The requesting agency must send a CSE Transmittal #1, Affidavit of Arrears, copies of all Court Orders, and a copy of the match information.
20. Does your state's income withholding definition include amounts in financial institutions?
Yes.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
21. Does your state require sending a notice of intent to the noncustodial parent when attaching an account in a financial institution? Who notifies the noncustodial parent - the state, the financial institution, or both?
The Division of Child Support will send a copy of the Income Withholding Order to the noncustodial parent.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
22. How long does the financial institution have to hold funds before sending the noncustodial parent's assets to your child support agency?
Within 7 days of the date of the Withholding Order.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
23. Does your state law or policy require the financial institution and/or state to hold the attached assets during the challenge or appeal time frame? If yes, provide the statutory citation and time frames.
Division of Child Support policy is to hold the funds for 20 days after the payment is received.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
24. What amount or percentage of the noncustodial parent's financial assets are eligible for attachment? Is this different for joint accounts? Please explain.
The full amount is eligible for attachment. The process is the same for joint accounts.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
25. What are the criteria for a noncustodial parent and/or joint account holder to contest a financial institution attachment?
Wrong person or arrears balance discrepancy.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
26. Does your state have procedures to liquidate non-liquid assets (for example, stocks, bonds, etc.)? If yes, provide the statutory citation and the procedures to follow.
Yes. Stocks and Bonds are considered income under state withholding laws.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
27. What are your state's criteria for driver's license revocation/suspension for nonpayment of support?
SD has a two-part process for license restriction/revocation. If no payment is received on a case for at least 3 months and the delinquency balance exceeds $1,000, a restriction is placed on the noncustodial parents drivers, professional, hunting and/or fishing license(s). The license(s) is still valid. However, the noncustodial parent will not be able to renew the license(s) until an agreement is signed with the Division of Child Support or the balance is paid in full. The agreement requires the noncustodial parent to pay current monthly child support obligation, if applicable, plus a specified additional amount towards the arrears each month. If the noncustodial parent fails to pay for a minimum of 60 days any time after signing the agreement, DCS may proceed with the revocation of the drivers license.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
28. What are your state's criteria for driver's license restoration/reinstatement, including hardship exemptions?
To remove a restriction, the noncustodial parent is required to pay the balance in full or sign an agreement that the current monthly support will be paid in addition to a specified amount towards the arrears. To remove a revocation, the noncustodial parent typically has to pay a minimum of 3 months support in a lump sum or make 3 months of consecutive payments. Depending on the case situation, a license may be reinstated without the 3 month payment required.
29. Does your state allow temporary or conditional driver's licenses? If yes, what are the criteria?
Yes, for a restricted license. The Department of Public Safety will allow a 6-month temporary license. There is not an option for a revoked license.
30. What are your state's criteria for professional license revocation/suspension for nonpayment of support? Specify the professional license types.
If no payment is received on a case for at least 3 months and the delinquency balance exceeds $1000, a restriction is placed on the noncustodial parents professional license(s).
31. What are your state's criteria for professional license restoration/reinstatement, including hardship exemptions?
To remove a restriction, the noncustodial parent is required to pay the balance in full or sign an agreement that the current monthly support will be paid plus a specified amount towards the arrears.
32. Does your state allow temporary or conditional professional licenses? If yes, what are the criteria?
No.
33. What are your state's criteria for recreational license revocation/suspension for nonpayment of support? Specify the recreational license types.
If no payment is received on a case for at least 3 months and the delinquency balance exceeds $1,000, a restriction is placed on the noncustodial parents hunting and/or fishing license(s).
34. What are your state's criteria for recreational license restoration/reinstatement, including hardship exemptions?
To remove a restriction, the noncustodial parent is required to pay the balance in full or sign an agreement that the current monthly support will be paid in addition to a specified amount towards the arrears. Hardship exemption is not granted for hunting and fishing licenses.
35. Does your state allow temporary or conditional recreational licenses? If yes, what are the criteria?
No.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
36. What are the criteria for initiating/filing a lien in your state?
SD does not have a centralized lien registry for property. Each county Register of Deeds has their own database. If property is owned in the county which the judgment is entered, there is an automatic lien placement due to the recording of the judgment.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
37. Is the lien process in your state primarily judicial, administrative, or both? Please describe.
Administrative Process.
38. Does your state enforce property seizure and sale? If so, is this process primarily judicial, administrative, or both? Please describe.
Yes. Judicial Process.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
39. Does your state have a state income tax refund offset as an enforcement remedy? If yes, describe whether the process for this remedy is primarily judicial, administrative, or a combination.
South Dakota does not have state income tax.
40. Does your state intercept lottery or other types of gaming/gambling winnings in your state? If so, what kind of winnings are included?
Yes. Lottery.
40.1. If yes, is this enforcement judicial, administrative, or both?
Administrative.
41. What other administrative enforcement procedures are available in your state that are not otherwise described in the IRG?
N/A
42. What other judicial enforcement procedures are available in your state that are not otherwise described in the IRG?
N/A

10. Modification And Review/Adjustment

1. How frequently does your state conduct order reviews in IV-D cases (for example, every year or every three years)? (See 45 CFR 303.8.)
Every 3 years or upon request from either party.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2. What is your state's modification procedure? Briefly describe.
Petition for Modification is requested and completed by petitioning party. Petitioning party sends completed Petition with appropriate attachments to the Modification Unit of Division of Child Support. Petition is reviewed for completeness, logged into a database, and is filed with Clerk of Courts. The Court appoints a Referee who schedules and conducts the modification hearing. Referee submits a report and recommended order to the court. Court enters modified court order if no objections have been filed. If objections are filed, hearing is scheduled in Circuit Court and court order will be entered after hearing.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
3. What are the criteria for modification under your state's guidelines (for example, a change that is more than $50 or 20% upward or downward from the current amount ordered)?
An increase or decrease of 20% or more and the proposed increase/decrease is $25 or more.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
4. Which of the following criteria for demonstrating a change in circumstances apply for modifying an order?
All criteria listed below.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
4.1. The earnings of the noncustodial parent have substantially increased or decreased.
Yes.
4.2. The earnings of the custodial parent have substantially increased or decreased.
Yes.
4.3. The needs of a party or the child(ren) have substantially increased or decreased.
Yes.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
4.4. The cost of living has changed.
Yes.
4.5. The child(ren) has extraordinary medical expenses not covered by insurance.
Yes.
4.6. There has been a substantial change in childcare expenses.
Yes.
4.7. What other criteria does your state use for demonstrating a change in circumstances for modifying an order?
Changes to custody or parenting time, obligation of subsequent children, travel costs for parenting time, abatement for parenting time , health insurance coverage.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
5. Does your state have a cost of living adjustment (COLAs) for orders? If yes, what index does your state use? (See 45 CFR 303.8(b)(1)(ii).)
No.
6. After learning that a parent who owes support will be incarcerated for more than 180 calendar days, does your state elect to initiate a review of an order without the need for a specific request, i.e., automatically? (See 45 CFR 303.8(b)(2).)
A notice is sent out to the parties advising of their right to request a review of the order or a Petition for Modification.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided

11. Lump Sum Payments

1. What is your state's definition of a lump sum, if it has one? Provide the statutory citation. (Note: States may define "lump sum" more broadly than only employer- related lump sums.)
SDCL 25-7A-1(8)(8) "Income," any form of payment to a person, regardless of source, including wages, salary, commission, bonuses, compensation as an independent contractor, workers' compensation, unemployment compensation, disability, annuity and retirement benefits, gift or inheritance, all gain derived from capital or labor, profit gained through the sale or conversion of capital assets, and any other payments, including personal property, money and credits on deposit with or in the possession of, or made by any person, private entity, federal or state government, any unit of local government, school district or any entity created by public act. However, for the purposes of income withholding, income excludes: (a) Any amount required by law or as a condition of employment to be withheld, other than creditor claims, including federal, state, and local taxes, social security and other retirement contributions; (b) Any amount exempted by federal law; and (c) Public assistance payments; and SDCL 25-7A-32. Amount withheld for support and arrearage. The amount actually withheld for support and arrearage may not be in excess of fifty percent of wages, salaries, commissions, bonuses, compensation as an independent contractor, workers compensation, unemployment compensation, or disability benefits. However, the total amount of arrearage may be withheld from personal property, money, and credits, or other income not otherwise exempt herein.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2. Does your state law require employers to report lump sum payments? If yes, provide the statutory citation or rule.
No.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
3. How does your state attach different types of lump sum payments? For example, does your state use the OMB-approved income withholding order for employer-issued bonuses, a lien, and levy notice for workers' compensation (if workers' compensation is considered a lump sum payment in your state), etc.?
South Dakota uses the OMB-approved income withholding order.

12. Cost Recovery And Fees

1. Does your state elect to recover costs in excess of any fees collected to cover administrative costs in your child support state plan? (See section 454(6) of the Social Security Act and 45 CFR 302.33(d).) If yes, does your state collect excess actual or standardized costs on a case-by-case basis? Please describe.
No.
1.1. If yes, does your state recover costs from the custodial parent or the noncustodial parent? (Note: No costs can be assessed against a foreign custodial parent applying through a Central Authority in a Hague Convention country, a foreign reciprocating country, or a foreign country with state-level reciprocity.)
N/A
2. Does your state recover costs on behalf of an initiating state that has elected to do cost recovery? If yes, describe.
Yes. If the initiating state provides documentation regarding the fees and it is allowable under Title IV-D.
3. How does your state impose and collect the mandatory $35 annual fee (after collecting the first $550)? This fee is applicable in IV-D cases in which individuals who never received IV-A assistance are receiving IV-D services. (See 45 CFR 302.33(e).) See options below.
The $35 annual fee is paid with state funds.
3.1. Is it retained by the state from support collected?
No.
3.2. Is it paid by the individual applying for child support services?
No.
3.3. Is it recovered from the noncustodial parent?
No.
3.4. Is it paid by the state out of its state funds?
Yes.

13. Insurance Match

1. Does your state have legislation requiring insurance companies to work with child support agencies to identify claimants who owe past-due child support? Describe the requirements and provide the statutory citation. How does your state allocate payments when there is more than one claim against the noncustodial parent's income? Should the payment be divided equally or pro-rated among the cases? (See 45 CFR 303.100(a)(5).)
No. However, South Dakota participates in Federal OCSE Insurance Match Programs.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
2. What criteria must a noncustodial parent meet to be eligible for your states participation in the federal insurance match program?
The obligor must owe an excess of $1000.
3. What process does your state use to intercept insurance payments?
Income Withholding Order.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
4. How does another state initiate and intercept collections from your states workers compensation agency?
South Dakota does not match with the state workers compensation agency.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
5. Does your state participate in the Child Support Lien Network or CSLN (which provides insurance match services)?
No.

14. Family Violence

15. CSENet

1. When your state is the initiating state, does it send a Child Support Enforcement Network (CSENet) case closure transaction to let the responding state know your state has closed its case (including the reason for closure) and/or the responding state's intergovernmental services are no longer needed? (MSC P GSC15; 45 CFR 303.7(c)(11).)
Yes.
2. When your state is the responding state, does it send a CSENet case closure transaction to notify the initiating state that its case is closed based on one of the following reasons: (MSC P GSC16)? Initiating state failure to take an action essential for the next steps? (45 CFR 303.11(b)(17).) The initiating state requested the responding state to close the case? (45 CFR 303.7(d)(10).)
Yes.
3. When your state is the initiating state, does it send a CSENet case closure transaction to notify the responding state that it must stop any income withholding orders or notices and close the intergovernmental case? (MSC P GSC17; 45 CFR 303.7(c)(12).)
No.
4. When your state is the responding state, does it send a CSENet case closure transaction to notify the initiating state that, per its request, the case is closed, and your state has stopped its income withholding order? (MSC P GSC18; 45 CFR 303.7(d)(9).)
No.
5. Does your state send CSENet transactions to request interest information? (MSC R GRINT)
Yes.
6. Does your state send CSENet transactions to provide another state with interest and arrears information? (MSC P GSTAI)
No. South Dakota sends back an automated notice, but we are not programmed to send the request as SD does not assess interest on our orders.

16. Copies Of Orders And Payment Records

1. What are the procedures and associated costs for obtaining a certified copy of a court order?
There is no cost if a CSE Transmittal #3 is sent to South Dakota Central Registry with the request.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
2. What are the procedures and associated costs for obtaining a certified payment record?
There is no cost if a CSE Transmittal #3 is sent to South Dakota Central Registry with the request.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided

17. Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA)

1. What is the statutory citation for your state's enactment of UIFSA?
SDCL 25-9C.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
2. How does your state define the tribunal (See UIFSA 103)?
A court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
3. How many copies or sets of documents does your state need for an intergovernmental case referral that is not sent electronically?
One.
4. Does your state require initiating states to send intergovernmental forms in a one-sided format (when sending paper copies)?
Yes.

18. International - Reciprocity

1. With which foreign countries or other jurisdictions (such as Quebec) does your state have state-level reciprocity for child support? (Do not include federal foreign reciprocating or Hague Convention countries.)
Currently South Dakota is only reciprocating with federal foreign reciprocating countries.
2. Does your state exercise its option for enforcement of spousal-only orders for a foreign reciprocating country, a Hague Convention country, or a foreign country with which your state has state-level reciprocity? (See section 454(32)(B) of the Social Security Act.)
No. Spousal support is only collected when there is a current child support obligation.
3. Does your state agency accept direct applications for services from individuals residing outside the United States (See UIFSA 307 - Alternative A), or does your state's law allow discretion in accepting these applications (See UIFSA 307 - Alternative B)?
South Dakota will accept direct application for services from individuals residing in foreign reciprocating countries.

19. International Information For Hague Convention Countries

1. When a Hague Convention country seeks registration of a Convention support order in your state, does your state allow the country to send an abstract (or summary) of the order on the Hague Abstract of a Decision form in lieu of the complete text? (See UIFSA 706(b) (1).)
No, full text of the order is required.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
2. Does your state send and receive pleadings and documents electronically in international cases? If yes, specify the types of pleadings and documents your state can send and receive electronically.
No.
3. What methods of personal service does your state use?
The county sheriff, other public official, or to a private process server.
4. When establishing a child support order, what can be included as add-ons to the child support guideline amount? Please provide the relevant statutory or case law citation. (See also question 1 under Support Details.)
Pro-rata share of health insurance cost for the child(ren) will be apportioned between the parents. Division of Child Support does not include childcare expenses in orders. However if one of the parties wants childcare included, a hearing on the Notice of Support Debt to request childcare expensesa hearing on the Notice of Support Debt will need to be requested.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer
5. Does your state encourage amicable solutions between parents to promote voluntary payment of support, such as the use of mediation, conciliation, or similar consent processes? If yes, describe.
No.
6. What circumstances will cause your state to end child support before the normal duration?
Any person under the age of 18 who (1) has entered into a valid marriage, whether or not such marriage was terminated by dissolution; or (2) is on active duty with any of the armed forces of the United States of America; or (3) has received a declaration of emancipation pursuant to SDCL 25-5-26 is an emancipated minor.
For Additional Information - exit disclaimer

20. International Payments

1. How does your state disburse child support payments to foreign reciprocating and Hague Convention countries when your state is the responding state in a case?
Payments are made by check.
2. What actions does your state take to reduce the costs and fees associated with international payment processing?
All payments are processed through a designated authority. All payments are processed upon receipt.
3. Does your state accept electronic payments from foreign reciprocating or Hague Convention countries in international cases? If so, provide payment instructions.
No.

21. Tribal Non IV-D

1. Has your state established cooperative arrangements with any Indian tribes or tribal organizations that don't have a tribal IV-D program?
Yes.
1.1. If yes, list the tribes and identify services provided, if less than full services.
The Division of Child Support (DCS) has a cooperative agreement with Rosebud Sioux Tribal Court for enforcement of Rosebud Sioux Tribal Court orders only. The DCS cannot establish paternity and/or child support order or enforce an order from another jurisdiction.
For Additional Information - No Link Provided
2. Does your state have any IV-D attorneys licensed to practice in the courts of Indian tribes or tribal organizations that don't have tribal IV-D programs?
Yes. The DCS contracts with one attorney who is licensed to enforce Rosebud Sioux Tribal orders in the Rosebud Sioux Tribal Court.